In 1970, the Occupational Safety & Health Act was passed by the federal government to protect private employers and employees in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. Practically every industry has protections for health and safety. Although self-employed people, domestic workers in private homes and government employees are not covered by the OSH Act, most workers are.
The 2013 Heat Illness Prevention Program through Cal/OSHA plans to inform California workers of the possible dangers of outdoor work in the summer. A heat-related personal injury can affect those in agriculture, construction, outdoor recreation and even law enforcement. The program focuses on workplace safety regulations and compliance issues. Some aspects of preventing the dangers of heat illness include education and outreach efforts so that employees and their supervisors alike will understand the possible consequences. A spokeswoman for Cal/OSHA indicated that water, extra rest, breaks in the shade and effective emergency plans could help outdoor workers leave the job site in a healthy condition.